The field of orthodontics is focused on creating proper tooth alignment and occlusion as well as obtaining ideal facial esthetics. One of the most common reasons patients seek orthodontic treatment is for overbite correction. An overbite is a relatively common type of malocclusion or tooth misalignment in which the upper teeth protrude too far over the bottom teeth.
Effects Of An Overbite
An overbite can cause several problems ranging from jaw function to the physical appearance of your teeth. Wearing of tooth enamel increases the chances of tooth decay and gum disease. Since the lower teeth undercut the upper ones, in some cases they cut into the upper gums and palate and cause major damage. A serious overbite can even change the physical appearance of your face.
Causes Of An Overbite
There are a few causes of overbites, all of which are mostly natural. With the exception of one cause, they all may be unavoidable. Here are some common causes of overbites:
• Habit – As the only avoidable cause, overbites may be a result of sucking on your thumb from a young age or even the use of a pacifier. These types of overbites are easy to fix, as just the teeth need to be repositioned.
• Genetics – Your lower jaw may be underdeveloped, which is inherited from your parents or grandparents.
• Positioning – Your upper teeth simply stick out farther than your lower teeth. This is essentially chance of positioning, and can be easily fixed like that of an overbite caused by habit.
The treatment for overbites depends on the severity of such. Many patients can have their overbite corrected simply by straightening their teeth with orthodontic treatment like Invisalign. Braces are another option, in which teeth can be straightened or the overbite is corrected with elastics attached to your brackets. In severe cases, surgery may be required to correct the position of your jaw.
If you are interested in correcting your overbite, call us today to schedule a consultation today at 203-513-2014.